Anna Yojana & Public Distribution System
02 May 2022
Pan India events on changing the face of the public distribution system in India, with a focus on Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PM-GKAY), showcasing different activities undertaken under the initiative.
About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PM-GKAY)
In the wake of economic disruptions caused by the unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19 in the country last year, the Government March 2020 had announced the distribution of additional free-of-cost foodgrains (Rice/Wheat) to about 80 Crore National Food Security Act (NFSA) beneficiaries at the scale of 5 Kg per person per month under the PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PM-GKAY), over and above the regular monthly NFSA foodgrains i.e. regular entitlements of their ration cards. Thereby, effectively doubling the number of monthly foodgrains being normally delivered to the NFSA households, so that the poor, needy, and vulnerable households/beneficiaries do not suffer on account of the non-availability of adequate foodgrains during times of economic crisis. So far, under the PM-GKAY scheme, the Department had allocated a total of almost 759 LMT foodgrains to the States/UTs (i.e. total allocation from Phase I to Phase V) equivalent to about Rs. 2.60 Lakh Crore in food subsidy.
- Phase-I & II during 2020-21: The Phase-I and Phase-II of the scheme were implemented from April to June 2020 and from July to November 2020 respectively, wherein the Department had allocated a total quantity of 321 LMT foodgrains for the 8-month period with a subsidy layout of about Rs. 1.13 Lakh Crore, of which a total of about 298.8 LMT foodgrains (around 93% of the allocated quantity) were distributed by the States/UTs to an average of about 93% NFSA population (75 Crore beneficiaries) per month across the country. About Rs. 1.06 lakh Crore expenditure was incurred in the implementation of Phase- I & II of PMGKAY.
- Phase-III during 2021-22: With the COVID-19 crisis continuing in the current year, the Department had initially allocated about 79.46 LMT foodgrains with a subsidy layout of Rs. 26,602 Crore for distribution during the 2 months of May and June 2021 to all 80 Crore beneficiaries on the same pattern as implemented earlier in 2020, of which the States/UTs have reported the distribution of 75.2 LMT (94.5%) foodgrains to an average of about 95% NFSA population (75.18 Crore beneficiaries) per month. About Rs. 25,000 crore expenditure was incurred in the implementation of Phase- III of PMGKAY.
- Phase-IV during 2021-22: With the extension of PMGKAY up to November 2021, the Department had allocated another 198.78 LMT foodgrains with a subsidy layout of Rs. 67,266 Crore to the States/UTs for the 5-month period from July to November 2021 (Phase-IV). The distribution under PMGKAY-IV is presently ongoing, and as per the reports available from States/UTs, 191.6 (96.4%) foodgrains were lifted and nearly 37.46 LMT (94.2% of July 21), 37.47 LMT (94.3% of Aug’21), 37.50 LMT (94.3% of Sept’21), 37.27 LMT (93.8% of Oct’21) and 37.02 LMT (93.1% of Nov’21) foodgrains were distributed to about 74.93 Crore, 74.95 Crore, 75.01 Crore, 74.55 Crore, and 74.04 Crore beneficiaries respectively. About Rs. 62,380 Crore expenditure has been incurred in the implementation of Phase- IV of PMGKAY.
- Phase-V during 2021-22 (ongoing): The extension of PMGKAY for a period of another four months from December 2021 to March 2022 is having financial implication of about 53,344 Crore for the free of cost additional allocation of @5kg per person month. The total allocation may be about 159 LMT of food grains during the period of four months. The distribution under PMGKAY-V as per the reports available from States/UTs, so far 144 LMT foodgrains have been lifted and nearly 36.82 LMT (93% of Dec’21), 36.76 LMT (92% of Jan’22), 31.67 LMT (80% of Feb’22) and 9.78 LMT (24.7% of Mar’22) foodgrains have been distributed to about 73.6 Crore, 73.5 Crore, 63.1 Crore, and 19.57 Crore beneficiaries respectively. So far, an expenditure of about Rs 36,000 Crore has been incurred under the Phase V of PMGKAY. The performance of PMGKAY-V is expected to be on the same high level as achieved in earlier phases.